Transformation in Higher Education

Transformation in Higher Education
Transformation in Higher Education
Global Pressures and Local Realities in South Africa

In terms of the four main pillars of transformation -- equity, democracy, efficiency and responsiveness -- the evidence reveals a very complex picture. In each area some progress has been made, but in all cases the gains have been more modest than anticipated by the policy-makers. What is quite clear is that in most cases change can be attributed to institutional responses and the impact of the market, and much less to government policy than one might have predicated from the policy proposals and processes.

The discussion points to the fact that unidirectional comprehensive policy has not worked in South Africa in the post-1994 period. Instead, a different notion of higher education transformation, based on a more targeted, differentiated, information-rich policy interaction between government, institutions and society has to be developed. This implies not only a new approach to policy, but even a new notion of the state.



Publications on higher education are not new. But this volume, which is the first of its kind as a collective effort of tracing and examining the twists and turns taken by processes of change in the South African higher education system in a context of profound societal and global transformation, adds a fresh dimension to the debate. In its examination of the extent to which the changes were in line with policy intention, particularly with regard to equity, democratisation, responsiveness and efficiency, and how a new institutional landscape started emerging, it makes a momentous contribution to the current debate about higher education restructuring. -- Njabulo Ndebele, Vice-chancellor, University of Cape Town and Chair of the South African Association of University Vice-chancellors.

This book addresses a rich variety of issues on South African higher education. It puts these in the relevant context of the process of globalisation and it shows that the South African experiences offer us a lot to learn. Highly recommended for those who are intrigued by the innovations taking place in South African higher education as well as for those who intend to grasp the effects of globalisation. -- Frans van Vught, Rector Magnificus and founding Director of the Center for Higher Education Policy Studies, University of Twente, Netherlands.




About the editors and writers    




Section 1 The transformation context

Chapter 1: Global reform trends in higher education (Peter Maassen and Nico Cloete)         

Chapter 2: The higher education landscape under apartheid (Ian Bunting)   

Chapter 3: Policy expectations (Nico Cloete)  


Section 2 The South African experience

Part 1 Funding and Students        


Chapter 4: Funding (Ian Bunting)

Chapter 5: Students (Ian Bunting)



Part 2 Staff and Leadership    


Chapter 6: Staff (Trish Gibbon and Jane Kabaki)

Chapter 7: Leadership (Tembile Kulati and Teboho Moja)



Part 3 Curriculum and Research    


Chapter 8: Curriculum (Paula Ensor)

Chapter 9: Research (Ahmed Bawa and Johann Mouton)



Part 4 The New Terrain    


Chapter 10: Private higher education (Richard Fehnel)

Chapter 11: The emergent landscape (Nico Cloete and Richard Fehnel)



Section 3 The dynamics of change


Chapter 12: New South African Realities (Nico Cloete)

Chapter 13: The limits of policy (Nico Cloete and Peter Maassen)


Appendix 1 Commissioned papers and Case studies    

Appendix 2 Reflections    

Appendix 3 Reference group    

Appendix 4 Profile of public institutions in the South African higher education system. Selected statistics for 2000